Groundwater Quality and Suitability for Different Uses in the Sirjan County

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor Department of Geography Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2 Assistant Pprofessor Department of Water engineering. Faculty of Agriculture. Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3 Ma student of natural hazard, Department of Geography Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran



Background: the management of groundwater resources requires an accurate evaluation of the quantity and quality of them, access to them in each region and knowledge of the environmental processes governing these resources.

Materials and Methods: first the statistics and information about water quality indicators related to the year 2018. Then, using Schuler and Wilcox diagrams were evaluate the quality of drinking and agricultural water.

Results: Schuler diagram show, the water quality of Yahya Abad well is in a good to an acceptable range, and according to the Wilcox diagram, it is in a good range. the values of Magnesium, Calcium, Sulfate, Chlorine, and Sodium of this well are less than the favorable limit of the Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran . Also, the wells of Deh Biabani, Hafez Abad, Naseriyeh, Ali Abad, Sahebi and Taghi Nokohan, Roudestani, Sahebi, are of poor quality in terms of both drinking and agricultural purposes than other selected wells.

Conclusion: In general, as we move from the northeast, east, and areas of the middle sections of the aquifer to the north, northwest, west, and south of the aquifer, the parameters of Chlorine, Sodium, Sulfate, TDS, and TH fall into more unsuitable classes. Also according to the results obtained from the classified map of the EC parameter based on Wilcox’s method, a large section of the aquifer falls into the unsuitable class and only parts of the northeast, east and middle areas of the aquifer fall into the moderate class.


Main Subjects

  1. Alavi N, Zaree E, Hassani M, Babaei AA, Goudarzi G, Yari AR, Mohammadi MJ (2016) Water quality assessment and zoning analysis of Dez eastern aquifer by Schuler and Wilcox diagrams and GIS, Desalination and water treatment 57:23686-23697.
  2. Baba B (2015) Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of groundwater in Miandoab plain aquifer to study the effects of drying up of Lake Urmia. Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
  3. Baghapour MA, Nobandegani AF, Talebbeydokhti N, Bagherzadeh S, Nadiri AA, Gharekhani M, Chitsazan N (2016) Optimization of DRASTIC method by artificial neural network, nitrate vulnerability index, and composite DRASTIC models to assess groundwater vulnerability for unconfined aquifer of Shiraz Plain, Iran, Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering 14:13.
  4. Djémin JÉ, Kouamé JK, Deh KS, Abinan AT, Jourda JP (2016) Contribution of the sensitivity analysis in groundwater vulnerability assessing using the Drastic method: application to groundwater in Dabou region (Southern of Côte d’Ivoire), Journal of Environmental Protection 7:129-143.
  5. Ebrahimi Moghadam, F, Abbasnejad A (2020). Hydrogeochemical evaluation of groundwater quality and arsenic concentration in Sirjan plain using GIS and AqQa software, Journal of Environmental Geology 51:11-24.
  6. Fathi, N, Rahnama, MB (2019). Study and Classification of Groundwater Resources Quality in Sirjan Plain for Drinking and Agricultural Uses, 15th National Conference on Irrigation and Evaporation Reduction, Kerman,
  7. Ghezelsofloo AA, Valizadeh Ardalan R (2012) identifying the major sources of groundwater contaminants and estimating their pollutions potential in the Mashhad plain aquifer. Groundwater Modeling and Management under Uncertainty Proceedings of the Sixth IAHR International Groundwater Symposium Kuwait 69-76 doi:10.1201/b13167-13.
  8. Jat MK, Khare D, Garg P (2009) Urbanization and its impact on groundwater: a remote sensing and GIS-based assessment approach, The Environmentalist 29:17.
  9. Kerman Meteorological Organization, Annual report )2018(.
  10. Khan R, Jhariya D (2016) Land use land cover change detection using remote sensing and geographic information system in Raipur Municipal Corporation Area, Chhattisgarh, SSARSC Int J GeoSci Geoinform 3:1-4.
  11. Malakootian M, Nozari M (2019) Contribution of the Sensitivity Analysis in Groundwater Vulnerability Assessing Using the DRASTIC and Composite DRASTIC Indexes, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions:1-32.
  12. Modabberi H, Hashemi MMR, Ashournia M, Rahimipour MA (2017) Sensitivity analysis and vulnerability mapping of the guilan aquifer using Drastic method, Review of Environment and Earth Sciences 4:27-41.
  13. Ndoye S, Fontaine C, Gaye CB, Razack M (2018) Groundwater quality and suitability for different uses in the Saloum area of Senegal, Water 10:1837.
  14. Neshat, A., Pradhan, B., Pirasteh, S. and Shafri, HZM (2014) Estimating groundwater vulnerability to pollution using a modified DRASTIC model in the Kerman agricultural area, Iran, Environmental earth sciences 71:3119-3131.
  15. Organization, W.H. (1993) Guidelines for drinking-water quality. World Health Organization,
  16. Organization WH (2006) The Guidelines: a framework for safe drinking water, Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality 3rd ed Geneva; WHO:22-36.
  17. Pourkhosravani M (2016) Qualitative analysis of Orzooiyeh plain groundwater resources using GIS techniques, Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal 3:209-215.
  18. Salarian M, Najafi M, Hosseini SV, Heydari M (2015) Classification of Zayandehrud river basin water quality regarding agriculture, drinking, and industrial usage, American Research Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
  19. Salifu M, Aidoo F, Hayford MS, Adomako D, Asare E (2017) Evaluating the suitability of groundwater for irrigational purposes in some selected districts of the Upper West region of Ghana, Applied water science 7:653-662.
  20. Simeonov V, Stratis J, Samara C, Zachariadis G, Voutsa D, Anthemidis A, Sofoniou M, Kouimtzis T (2003) Assessment of the surface water quality in Northern Greece, Water research 37:4119-4124.
  21. Vosoughi Niri M, Mohammadi M, Mahvi A, Hashemzadeh B, Zahedi A, Takdastan A (2015) Kinetic Study of the Adsorption of Natural Organic Matter From Aqueous Solution by Surfactant Modifed Zeolite, Jundishapur J Health Sci 7:11-16.
  22. Wakode H, Baier K, Jha R, Ahmed S, Azzam R (2014) Assessment of impact of urbanization on groundwater resources using Gis techniques-case study of Hyderabad, India, International Journal of Environmental Research 8:1145-1158.
  23. Yari A, Jafari Mansoorian H, Majidi G, Yazdanpanah G, Sayfouri A (2016) Evaluation of physical and chemical quality of groundwater in the villages of Qom province and zoning them by GIS, Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal 3:165-172.